By Daniel Lefkowitz
By Liselotte Abid,Karin Leukefeld,Norman Paech,Carsten Wieland,Karin Kneissl,Stefan Brocza,Patrick Seale,Karin Kulow,Werner Ruf,Nikolaus Brauns,Fritz Edlinger,Tyma Kraitt
Das Land in der Levante ist von der aktuellen Berichterstattung und den politischen Auseinandersetzungen rund um die Neugestaltung des Nahen und Mittleren Ostens nicht mehr wegzudenken. Die Dauer des Konflikts, die unklaren Machtverhältnisse und die Gefahr einer Destabilisierung der gesamten quarter machen eine ausführliche Auseinandersetzung wichtiger denn je.
Das Buch „Syrien. Ein Land im Krieg. Hintergründe, Analysen, Berichte" bietet einen Einblick in die vielschichtigen Aspekte der syrischen Geschichte und Gesellschaft sowie in die strukturellen Ursachen des Bürgerkrieges. Einen weiteren Schwerpunkt stellen die fragilen Nachbarschaftsbeziehungen und die oftmals unbeständigen geostrategischen Allianzen dar. Eine ausführliche Zeittafel zur Geschichte des modernen Syrien - vom Zerfall des Osmanischen Reiches bis zu den aktuellen Ereignissen - und ein Literaturüberblick runden den Band ab.
By Mary Elaine Hegland
Conventional knowledge assumes Shi'a non secular ideology fueled the progressive circulation. yet Hegland counters that the Revolution unfold via even more pragmatic matters: becoming inequality, loss of improvement and employment possibilities, executive corruption. neighborhood expectancies of leaders and the political process—expectations constructed from their event with conventional kinship-based factions—guided neighborhood villagers' attitudes and decision-making, and so they frequently followed the non secular justifications for Revolution basically after becoming a member of the rebellion. Sharing tales of clash and revolution along in-depth interviews, the e-book sheds new gentle in this severe ancient moment.
Returning to Aliabad many years later, Days of Revolution closes with a view of the village and revolution thirty years on. Over the process a number of visits among 2003 and 2008, Mary Hegland investigates the lasting results of the Revolution at the neighborhood political factions and in person lives. As Iran is still front-page information, this intimate examine the country's contemporary background and its humans hasn't ever been extra well timed or serious for knowing the serious interaction of neighborhood and worldwide politics in Iran.
By Xinru Liu
Using offer and insist because the framework for reading the formation and improvement of the Silk highway, the publication examines the dynamics of the interactions of the nomadic pastoralists with sedentary agriculturalists, and the unfold of latest rules, religions, and values into the area of trade, hence illustrating the cultural forces underlying fabric transactions. This attempt at tracing the interconnections of the varied members within the transcontinental Silk street trade will display that the realm have been associated via financial and ideological forces lengthy sooner than the trendy era.
By Beshara Doumani
Original and obtainable, this examine demanding situations nationalist structures of heritage and offers a context for realizing the Palestinian-Israeli clash. it's also the 1st accomplished paintings at the Nablus area, Palestine's exchange, production, and agricultural heartland, and a bastion of neighborhood autonomy. Doumani rediscovers Palestine via writing the population of this old land into history.
By U. S. Government,U.S. Military,Department of Defense
CHAPTER 1: GEOGRAPHY * Geographic areas and Topographic positive aspects * The Coastal simple * Lebanon Mountains * Bekaa Valley and Anti-Lebanon Mountains * weather * our bodies of Water * towns * Tripoli * Sidon * Tyre * Zahle * Nabatiye * typical dangers * Environmental matters * bankruptcy 2: heritage * advent: First, the Phoenicians * Assyrians and Babylonians * Greeks and Romans * Maronites, Druze, and Shi'ites * Crusader States and the Mamluks * Ottoman Lebanon until eventually 1860 * Ottoman period After 1860 * WWI and the French Mandate * The nationwide Pact * Independence and Post-Independence * Calm and disenchanted: Shihabism, Palestinians * starting of the Civil warfare * Israel, the PLO, and Hizballah * The Taif contract and the second one Republic * The Cedar Revolution * Hizballah and Israel, Ongoing Crises * bankruptcy three: economic climate * Agriculture * and production * exchange * Tourism * Banking and foreign money * funding * Transportation * way of life * bankruptcy four: SOCIETY * advent * Ethnic and Linguistic teams * faith * Gender and family members concerns * conventional garments * Arts * Literature * track * activities and game * bankruptcy five: safety * U.S.-Lebanese family members * relatives With Neighboring international locations * Syria * Israel * army * Terrorist teams and actions * different matters Affecting balance * unique Tribunal for Lebanon * Syrian Unrest * Palestinian Refugee Camps * bankruptcy 1: PROFILE * Geography * zone * Geographic Divisions and weather * weather * our bodies of Water * significant towns * smooth historical past * Independence and Civil battle * Reconciliation and Reconstruction * executive * Media * economic system * Ethnic and spiritual teams * bankruptcy 2: faith * review * significant Religions * Muslim Sects * adjustments among Sunnis and Shi'ites * Christian Sects * Druze * faith and govt * effect of faith on lifestyle * spiritual vacation trips * Muslim vacations * Christian vacation trips * locations of Worship * Mosques * church buildings * habit in structures of Worship * bankruptcy three: TRADITIONS * Codes of Politeness * Gender matters * Hospitality and present Giving * consuming conduct and foodstuff * gown Codes * Nonreligious vacations * Dos and Don'ts * bankruptcy three evaluation * bankruptcy four: city lifestyles * creation * Urbanization * city economic climate and paintings concerns * Healthcare * schooling * eating places * Marketplaces and road proprietors * Transportation * Bus * automobiles * Taxis * highway Crime and Solicitations * bankruptcy five: RURAL existence * Land Distribution * Rural economic climate * Rural Transportation * Healthcare * schooling * Village lifestyles * Border Crossings and Checkpoints * Landmines * bankruptcy 6: kinfolk existence * average loved ones and relatives constitution * Roles and duties in the relations * prestige of ladies, teenagers, and youth * Married lifestyles and Divorce * relations occasions and Rites of Passage * Naming Conventions
By U.S. Government,U.S. Military,Department of Defense
Iraq in viewpoint - An Orientation consultant - bankruptcy 1 - Geography * creation * Geographic Divisions * desolate tract * higher Tigris and Euphrates Upland * Northeast Highlands * Alluvial Plains * weather * significant Rivers * Tigris River * Euphrates River * Shatt al-Arab * significant towns * Baghdad * Basrah * Mosul (Al-Mawsil) * Kirkuk * Arbil * typical risks * Environmental matters * bankruptcy 2 - heritage * creation * old Cultures of Mesopotamia * unfold of Islam * Ottoman and Safavid clash * The Ottoman period * global conflict I and the British Mandate * Faisal I and the Hashemite country * Independence and global warfare II * Post-World warfare II * the autumn of the Hashemite Monarchy * The Qasim Regime * The Arif Brothers and the Ba'athists * the increase of Saddam Hussein * Kurdish Push for Autonomy * The Iran-Iraq struggle * the 1st Persian Gulf warfare * Sanctions * guns Inspections * Invasion and next Iraqi Governance * safeguard Efforts * fresh occasions * bankruptcy three - economic system * creation * the advance of Iraq's economic climate * Agriculture * * companies * Banking * Tourism * strength * Oil * usual gasoline * electrical energy * exchange * lifestyle * Transportation * funding weather * enterprise Outlook * bankruptcy four - Society * creation * faith and Ethnicity * faith * Ethnicity * Languages * Gender matters * Honor Killings * delicacies * conventional costume * the humanities * activities * bankruptcy five - safeguard * creation * United States-Iraq family * kinfolk with Neighboring nations * Iran * Syria * Jordan * Saudi Arabia * Kuwait * Turkey * Geopolitics of Water assets * matters Affecting defense * Poverty * Displaced individuals and Refugees * Corruption * army and Police constitution * Terrorist teams * Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) * different rebel Groups
Chapter 1 - Profile * advent * Geography * sector * Geographic Divisions * Topographic gains * weather * Rivers * Draining of the Marshlands * surroundings * harm to Biodiversity and surroundings from warfare * significant towns * Baghdad * Mosul * Basrah * Karbala * Kirkuk * Erbil * Pre-Modern historical past * historical heritage * Islamic Empires * The Ottoman Empire and the British * fresh background * Operation Iraqi Freedom * Post-Saddam Iraq * economic system * review * The Oil quarter * the rural region * The providers area * Rebuilding the Infrastructure * Telecommunications * Mass Media * electrical energy * Ethnic and different Minority teams * Kurds * Marsh Arabs (Ma'dan) * Turkmen and different Minority teams * bankruptcy 1 review * bankruptcy 2 - faith * advent * heritage of Islam * lower than Muhammad's management * less than Muhammad's quick Successors * Schism * Sunni and Shi'a Islam * Sunnis * Sunni Iraqi Kurds * Shi'ites * Shi'a Iraqi Political Affiliations * Sufism * The Pillars of Islam * Non-Islamic Religions * Christianity * Yazidis * Mandaeism * function of faith within the executive * Baathism * spiritual legislation * impression of faith on way of life * structures of Worship * Mosques * Mosque Etiquette * Shrines * church buildings * non secular occasions * Ramadan * Ashura * bankruptcy 2 evaluation * bankruptcy three - Traditions * Greeting and Interacting * Hospitality * replacing presents * Sharing * Honor and Offenses * Vendettas and Honor Killings * Male-Female Relationships * interplay with Iraqi Women
By David W. Lesch,Mark L. Haas
The moment variation contains a new bankruptcy on Iraq and assurance of advancements within the sector when you consider that 2012 and the way they've got altered preliminary tests of the Arab Spring's results. New half introductions and a revised concluding bankruptcy supply contextualization and comparative analyses of key subject matters and broader questions. this can be a necessary quantity for college kids and students looking the fullest figuring out of the way the Arab uprisings proceed to affect the sector and the world.
By Sara Scalenghe
By Timothy Venning
The geographical scope expands because the horizons of the Greek global and colonization accelerated almost about advancements in politico-military occasions within the heart jap (and later Italian) states that got here into touch with Greek tradition. From the growth of the Greek international around the area lower than Alexander, the improvement of the entire proper Greek/Macedonian states is roofed. The textual content is split into occasions in line with geographical region for every date, cross-referencing the place wanted. precise bills are supplied for battles and political crises the place the assets let this, and the place no longer a lot is understood for convinced the several critiques of historians are referenced en direction. the result's a coherent, obtainable and actual connection with what occurred and when.